Raindrop Messenger Archive

Official Newsletter of C.A.R.E.
The Center for Aromatherapy Research and Education

Volume 2, Number 5
July/August 2004

1. When is Organic Organic? And Natural Natural?
2. Oils and Animals

IMPORTANT NOTE: The information in this newsletter is not meant
to diagnose, prescribe, or substitute for professional medical
assistance. It is provided as information only for your better
understanding of holistic health. In case of medical need, please
consult an appropriate licensed professional.


1. When is Organic Organic? And Natural Natural?
by David Stewart, Ph.D., R.A.

The science of essential oils falls within the realm of organic
chemistry, a specialty of the broader field of general chemistry.
While organic chemistry was originally supposed to be the study of
the compounds of life, it was not long before scientists came to
realize that carbon was the basis of all compounds created by
living processes. Hence, today organic chemistry is defined as “the
study of carbon compounds.” This puts a whole new twist on the
field, since today we have thousands of carbon compounds created
in laboratories, synthesized outside of the natural processes of
living organisms—yet they are called “organic.”

Now that scientists call all carbon compounds “organic” regardless
of their origin, this poses a terminology problem for the public. For
example, all petrochemicals (substances derived from petroleum)
are carbon compounds. This means that pesticides, herbicides,
fungicides, motor fuels, industrial solvents, pharmaceuticals, paints,
disinfectants, cleaning fluids, plastics, styrofoam, antifreeze, and
thousands of other toxic products that define modern living can be
called “organic” since virtually all of them are composed of carbon-
based molecules.

Carbon is the most versatile of all the elements and the only one
capable of forming long chains and complex ring structures with
itself. Its versatility makes it not only ideal as a building material
for innumerable living forms, as well as essential oils, it is also
ideal for creating innumerable industrial products.

However, this is not what you are thinking when you see the word
organic on a package label. As a member of the consuming public,
you would normally assume that the designation organic means the
product (or its ingredients) were produced free of herbicides,
pesticides, chemical fertilizers, hormones, antiobiotics, etc. But to
an organic chemist, the term means only that the product contains
carbon compounds, most or all of which could be synthetic. To a
chemist, the term does not necessarily mean that no petrochemicals
or pharmaceuticals were absent from their production. Fortunatly,
some states have laws about the misuse of the term and have legally
defined the phrase Certified Organic to mean what most consumers
think it should mean.

When Does Natural Mean Natural?

To the public, the term “organic” also implies that the product was
grown in healthy soil under sunlight with access to a clean atmosphere— not synthesized indoors in a lab. In other words, a product labeled as organic is also assumed to be natural, which is to say that it was grown in some fashion, not engineered in a factory on a chemical assembly line. However, in today’s competitive market, even the word “natural” is abused.

The U.S. Federal government permits the word “natural” to be used on a label if the product consists of compounds that can be produced by nature even though the content of that particular product may have been produced entirely in a chemical factory. They equate the product of a natural living plant with that of a human manufacturing plant. (They both come from plants. Right?)

If chemistry completely described the therapeutic and/or nutritional
properties of a substance, this might be valid. But it doesn’t. There
is a vitality and a life force in the compounds produced by living
processes that are absent from those produced in a dead
environment like a drug lab or a pharmaceutical plant. This is crucially
important when it comes to essential oils that are intended to be used
for healing.

There are thousands of examples of products labeled as containing
natural ingredients when, in fact, their tastes are totally manufactured
in a lab. One of the most common examples has to do with fruit flavors
in drinks, candies, chewable vitamins, and other products. Most fruit
flavors are formed from combinations of esters, a class of chemical
compounds found in most essential oils and discussed in Chapter Ten
of this book. Thus, the taste of bananas, watermelon, cantelope, peach,
blueberry, raspberry, apple, orange, lime, papaya, kiwi, and just about
any fruit can be imitated by assembling the right esters. Methyl
anthranilate is an ester found in minor amounts in many essential oils
which is also a natural compound in grapes and cherries. Synthetic
methyl anthranilate is frequently used to produce beverages and
confections, combined with a little color, and labeled as a grape or
cherry product containing natural flavorings.

Now you know what the terms organic and natural mean on most
product labels and it probably isn't what you thought they meant
or hoped they meant. Knowledge is power. Use it.
NOTE: The extract above is from Dr. Stewart's new book
to be released in the Late Fall of 2004. It is entitled
The Chemistry of Essential Oils Made Simple and its
subtitle is God's Love Manifest in Molecules.
625 pages, its price will be $34.95


by D. Gary Young, N.D.

I have raised animals all my life and presently have several miniature horses as well as four teams of draft horses. I also have pygmy goats, barbadoes sheep and llamas at my ranch where I reside. On my 1300 acre herb farm at Whispering Springs in Mona, Utah, I have an animal petting zoo with Bactrian camels. zeeboos from Africa(miniature Bhramas), Watusi cows and bulls, Walleroos(miniature kangaroos), llamas, buffalos, miniature donkeys, as well as horses and goats. As you can see we have a wide varity of animals.

We have used the oils extensively on many of the animals and are continually making discoveries. The animals respond extremely well and we feel they have benefited greatly. In my experience, I have found that animals respond to essential oils much the same as humans. Animals are not as sensitive to the phenol and sesquiterpene constituents so they can be applied "neet" or full strength. One needs only to determine which oils are applicable to the situation and then apply a few drops 3-4 times daily.

Where and How Much to Apply

The amount for small animals, like cats and dogs is like the application
for a child: 3-4 drops each time applied. For larger animals, like large
dogs apply 6-7 drops, for horses, apply 15-20 drops.

After applying the oils, I have found it beneficial to cover the open wound
with Rose ointment, which keeps the skin soft and helps promote the healing. I have applied the oils in the following ways.

1. Apply on their paws where absorption is very fast.

2. On cloven hoofed animals, apply on the auricular points of the ears and/or spine or both.

3. Underneath the top lip on the gums and on the tongue.

4. Sprinkle a few drops on the spine and then massage into the skin, just like with humans.

Conditions and Oils Applied

For various problems I have experimented with the following oils and
herbal/mineral products:

1. Strangle in horses, I used a combination of the oil blends Exodus II and Melrose together.(4 parts Exodus II to 1 part Melrose.)

2. Ear mites in cats and dogs - purification and peppermint.

3. Ticks and fleas - Tansy and tansy floral water.

4. Tumors- all animals - Frankincense and lavender mixed together,
frankincense and clove mixed together.

5. Worms and parasites- all animals - Parafree and Di-tone.

6. Open wounds- all animals -Melrose, Helichrysum and gentle care Rose Ointment.

7. Trauma- all animals - Trauma Life, Valor, Peace & calming, Melissa,
rosewood, lavender, valerian, and chamomile.

8. Bones- all animals - PanAway, birch or wintergreen, lemongrass and

9. Nervous anxiety with horses - Valor, Trauma Life, geranium, lavender and valerian.

10. Saddle sores- Melrose and Rose ointment.

11. Mineral deficiencies- Mineral Essence( liquid tincture, taken internally) may help meet the animals needs and when met, they will quit chewing on the furniture and engaging in other undesirable activities.

12. Tissue repair and healing directly on wound - Melrose.

13. May help with pain and stop bleeding - Helichrysum.

14. Healing of wounds and abrasions - Rose Ointment.

Dr. D. Gary Young is President and Founder of Young Living Essential
Oils, Inc. and author of several books including Essential Oils Integrative
Medical Guide, available from CARE at http://www.RaindropTraining.com
The above article was first published November 7, 1997


Official Newsletter of C.A.R.E.
The Center for Aromatherapy Research and Education
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(573) 238-4846